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英语词组短语

发布时间:2020-01-11 10:31:00源自:互联网作者:lly阅读()

A

a (large) number of 许多

a bit 一点儿

a block of 一块

a bottle of 一瓶

a few 许多

a good/great deal of 大量(的);非常多(的)

a great/good many 很多的, 非常多的

a group of 一群,一组

a little 许多

a lot of/lots of 许多

a pair of 一双,一对

a piece of 一片(张,块)

a pile of 一堆

a place of interest 名胜

a set of 一套

a sort of 一种

a type of 一种类型的

a waste of 白费; 浪费

above all 首先;首要

according to 根据...

act as 充当;作;起......的作用

add up to 加起来是

add... to 把.....加到......上

admit doing sth 承认做过某事

advise doing sth 建议做某事

advise sb. against doing sth 建议(劝)某人不要做某事

advise sb not to do sth 建议(劝)某人不要做某事

advise sb to do sth 建议某人做某事

afford to do 有经济条件做某事

after a (short) while 不久以后

after all 毕竟;终究

after graduation 毕业以后

again and again 反复地;再三地

agree on 商定;决定;达成共识

agree to do sth 同意做某事

agree to sth 同意(计划或建议)

agree with sb/what sb does 同意某人的意见

all along 一直,始终

all day and all night 整日整夜

all kinds of 各种各样的

all night 整夜

all of a sudden 突然,冷不防

all one's life 终生,一辈子

all over 到处,遍及…,浑身,结束

all over the country 遍及全国

all right 好吧,行吧,病好了

all round 周围,遍及四周

all sorts of 各种各样的

all the best 万事如意

all the same 一样,照样,完全一样

all the year round 一年到头

all through 自始至终

allow into 允许进入

allow doing 允许做某事

allow sb to do 允许某人做某事

and so on 等等

answer for 对......负责

apply for 申请...

arrive at /in 到达某地

as a matter of fact 事实上;其实

as a result(of) 结果

as if/though 好象;好似

as many/much as 多达......

as soon as 一……就……

as usual 象往常一样,照例

as well 也;有

as......as 像;如同

as/so far as 一直到… (程度)

ask sb to do sth 要求某人做某事

ask…for 询问;向......要

at (the) most 至多

at (the)least 至少

at a high price 以高价......

at a time 每次;一次

at all 全然,究竟,到底

at breakfast 早餐时;正吃早饭

at first hand 第一手地,直接地

at first 起先;开端

at hand 在手边,在近处

at home and abroad 国内外

at home 在家里

at night 在夜晚,在夜里

at noon 在中午

at once 立刻,马上

at one time 以前;曾经

at present 现在;目前

at sea 在海上

at someone’s hands 出自某人之手,因为某人

at the age of 在......岁时

at the beginning of 在......的开始

at the end of 最后;尽头

at the foot of 在….的脚下

at the latest 最迟;至迟

at the mercy of 在......支配下

at the same time 同时

at the school gate / at the gate of the school 在学校门口

at the time of 在......的时候

at the top of one's voice 高声地喊叫

at work 再工作,在运转,在起作用

B

be able to do sth (有能力)做某事

be about to 即将

be afraid of 害怕

be against 反对

be angry at sth 对某事生气

be angry with sb 愤怒,生某人的

be anxious about /for 为......担心,焦急

be away from 远离......

be bad at 在......弱,差

be busy doing sth 忙于做……

be busy with sth 忙于......

be careful (of) 当心,小心

be covered with/by 为......所覆盖

be different from 与......不同

be famous as 作为......

be famous for 因......而

be far away from 远离…

be filled with 用......装满

be fit for 适合

be fond of 爱好;喜爱

be for 支持

be free to do sth 随意做某事

be friendly to sb 对…友好的

be full of 充满......

be good at 在......擅长,善于…

be in love with 与......相爱

be in the habit of doing 有做…的习惯

be late for 迟到

be made from /of 由...... 制成

be made in 由……(产地)制造

be made up of 由...构成;由...组成

be of great help 对…很有帮助

be on fire 在......着火

be on holiday 在假期中

be on show 展览

be poor in 在......差

be popular with sb 深受......欢迎

be prepared for 为……做好准备

be proud of 为......而自豪

be ready (for) 为……做好准备

be rich in 在......充足;富含.....

be satisfied/content with 对……感到满意

be seated 坐下;坐着

be strict with(in) 对某人(物)要求严格

be sure about/of 确信;有把握

be terrified at 被……吓一跳

be tired of sth/doing sth 厌倦做某事

be tired with/from 因......感到厌倦

be torn open 被撕开

be unfit for 不合适,不称职,不胜任

be used to do ...... 被用来作某事

be used to sth/doing sth 习惯做某事

be weak in/at在......弱

be worth doing 值得做......

be wrong with 出毛病,不对头

beat…to death 把.....打死

because of 因为;由于

before long 不久

beg one's pardon 企求

begin…with 从......开始

believe in 信任,信仰

belong to 属于

beyond help 不可挽救的

beyond hope 没有希望的

blow away 刮走;吹走

break away from 脱离......

break down 分解,机器等坏了;身体跨了

break in 插话;强行进入

break into 闯入

break off 打断;折段

break out 爆发,突然发生

break the law 违法,犯法

break the habit of doing 改掉…的习惯

break the rule 违反规定

break up 分解,腐蚀,驱散

break with 与......断绝关系

bring down 使到下;降低

bring in 引来,引进;吸收

bring on 使前进

bring out 说明,阐明

bring up 教育;培养;提出

burn down 把......烧成平地;烧光

burn...to the ground 把......烧成平地

by accident 偶然

by air 乘飞机

by and by 不久,不久以后

by day 日间;白天里

by far 很,极

by hand 手工地

by means of 通过这种方式

by mistake 由疏忽所致

by sea 乘船

by spaceship 乘宇宙飞船

by the end of 在结束之前

by the side of 在......附近

by the way 顺便说

by this means 通过这种方式

by turns 轮流,交替

C

call at some place 访问某地

call back 回电话

call for 去取(某物); 去接(某人);要求,需求

call in 召集

call on sb to do sth 号召某人做某事

call on(upon) sb 拜访某人

call out 着急,大声叫

call sb up 给某人打电话

can’t help doing 情不自禁的做…

care for 喜欢;想要

carry away 冲掉;冲走

carry off 夺走

carry on 进行

carry out 实行,执行,贯彻

carry through 进行到底,完成

catch/take a cold 着凉,感冒

catch fire 着火

catch hold of 抓住,抓牢

catch sight of 望见

catch up with sb 赶上(某人)

change for 换成

change one's mind 改变主意

change...into 把......变成

clear away 把......清除掉

clear up 整理;收拾

collect money for 为......募捐

come about 发生

come across 碰到

come along 快点,来吧

come back 回来

come back to life 苏醒,复活

come down 下来,下降

come from 来自

come in 进来

come into being 形成,产生

come off 从......离开;脱落

come on 快些,加油

come out 出版;开放

come to 共计;达到

come true 成为现实

come up 走进,上前来

compare with 把......和......进行比较

compare to 与......相比

connect to 把...... 接到......

connect with 与......相连

consider doing sth 考路做某事

consider sb as/to be 认为......;把某人看做…

cut off 切断

cut through 剪断

cut up 切碎

D

date back to 追溯到

date from 起始于;追溯到

day after day 日复一日地

day and night=night and day 日日夜夜

deal with 对付;处理

decide to do sth 决定做某事

depend on 依赖;靠 ......决定

devote to 把......献于;把......用于

die from 死于(外因).....

die of 死于(内因).....

die out 灭绝

pide into 分成

do a good deed 对某人做了一件好事

do fine 赶得好

do good 有好处

do harm 有害处

do one’s homework 做家庭作业

do one's best 尽力

do sb a favour / do a favour for sb 帮某人一个忙

do sb good / do good to sb 对某人有好处

do some cleaning/cooking/washing/shopping 打扫卫生/做饭/洗衣服/买东西

do up 收拾,打扮;包装

do well in 在......做的好

do with 处理

do wrong 做坏事;犯罪

dozens of 几十

dream of 向往;渴望;梦想

dress up 打扮

drive off 赶走

drive sb mad 使某人发疯

drop in on sb 顺便拜访某人

drop in at some place 顺便拜访某地

E

each other 彼此,互相

earn one's living 谋生

eat up 吃光

either...or… 或者…或者

end in 以......结束,最后

end up 告终

end with 以......结束

enjoy oneself 过得愉快

even though/if 尽管;即使

ever since 自那时起一直到现在

every few years 每隔几年

every other year 每隔一年

every two years 每两年

F

face to face 面对面

fail in doing sth 做某事失败

fail to do sth 没做成某事

fall asleep 入睡

fall behind 落后于

fall ill 生病

far away 遥远的

far from 远离…

feed on 以…为主食

feel free to do sth 觉得自己可以随意做某事

feel like doing sth 想要或喜欢做某事

feel one’s way 摸索着前进

fight about/over 因为…争吵

fight against … 与…作斗争

fight back 抵抗, 反击

fight for … 为… 而斗争

fight off 击退,竭力摆脱

fight on 继续战斗

fight out 通过争斗解决争论,平息不和

fill … with… 用…把…装满

fill in 填充;填写

find out 查明;发现;了解

fire at 朝… 开枪

first of all 首先

fix a date for 确定…的日期

fix one’s eyes upon sth/sb 盯着…看

fix up 安排,安顿

for ever 永远

for example 例如

for fear of/for 由于担心…,因为怕…

for free 免费

for fun 为了消遣

for joy 高兴地

for the first time 第一次

form the habit of doing 养成做…的习惯

free of charge 免费

from … to… 从 … 到…

from hand to mouth (生活来源)足够糊口的

from now on 从现在起,从此以后;今后

from the very first/beginning 从一开始,从最初

from then on 从那时开始

from time to time 不时地

G

general idea 大意

generally speaking 总的说来

get along ( with ) (与人)和睦相处;(事情)进展

get away 逃;离

get back 返回

get down to doing 开始认真做…

get down 降下;下车

get hold of 抓住

get in one's way 妨碍某人

get in 进入;收集

get into 进入,陷入

get into trouble 陷入困境

get off 下车

get on 上车

get on with 与某人相处

get out 离开,出去

get sb into the habit of doing 使某人养成做…的习惯

get the feel of 习惯

get through 通过;打通(电话)

get to 到达

get to know 认识

get together 聚集

get up 起床

give /lend a hand to 帮忙,支援

give a concert 举行音乐会

give a talk 作报告,演讲

give advice to sb 给某人提建议

give away 捐赠,分送

give back 归还,送还

give in 屈服;投降;让步

give lessons to 给…上课

give off 发散,放出 (液体,气体,气味等)

give out 发出 (声音等); 用完,耗尽

give sb some advice on how to do sth 给某人提出关于如何做某时的建议

give someone a free hand 放手让某人干

give up 放弃,抛弃,终止

glance at sth 匆匆看看

glare at 怒目而视

go after 追求,追逐

go against 违背,反对

go ahead 先走,先行;好吧

go along 继续,进行

go around / round (疾病) 传播

go away 离开

go back 回去

go by 经过;过去

go down 下降,降低

go fishing/shopping/skating/swimming (去)钓鱼/买东西/滑冰/游泳

go for a walk 出去散步

go for nothing 白费, 毫无用处

go for one’s holiday 去度假

go for 求得

go home 回家

go into 进入

go off for 出发去…

go off 爆炸

go on doing sth 继续做同一件事

go on strike 举行罢工

go on to do sth 继续做另一件事

go on with one’s work 继续自己的工作

go out for a walk 出去散步

go out 出门, 外出;(火,灯)熄灭

go over 检查;复习

go through with 完成,做完

go through 遭受;经历;忍受

go to bed 上床睡觉

go to the cinema 去看电影

go under 沉没

go up 上升,增长

go with 相配;协调

go without 没有…也行;将就

Good heavens! 天哪!

graduate from 毕业于

grow rich on … 靠…变得富有

grow up 成年;长成大人;生长

H

had better

half an hour 半小时

hand in hand 手拉手

hand in 交上;交进

hand out 分发

hand over 移交 ( 权力,责任等)

hand sth down from generation to generation 把…一代一代传下去

have ( got ) to 不得不;必须

have a cold (患)伤风

have a fever 发烧

have a headache 头疼

have an idea of 知道…

have breakfast 吃早饭

have sb do/doing 让某人做某事

have some/nothing to do with 和......有些(没有)关系

have sth done 使某人做某事

have sth on 穿着;戴着

head for 朝…前进,向…去

head off 把…引导别的方向去

hear about 得悉,听说

hear from 收到…的来信

hear of 听说

heart and soul 全心全意

help oneself to sth 自取;随便吃

help out 帮助克服困难,帮忙

help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事

help to do 有助于

here and there 各处;到处

hold back 控制 (感情,眼泪等)

hold down 压下,抑制

hold off 挡住

hold on (打电话时) 等着,别挂断

hold one's breath (由于激动、害怕等)不出气;并住呼吸

hold one's head high 昂首,趾高气昂

hold out 提供,提出

hold up 举起

hold up one’s head 高昂着头

hope for the best 尽量望好处想

how far 多远

how long 多久

how many 多少

how much 多少

how often 多久

how old 多大

how soon 多久以后

human being 人

hurry up 赶紧;急忙

I

in a hurry 匆忙地

in a minute 不一会儿,立刻

in a short while 不久

in a word 总之,简言之

in all 总计,全部

in common 共同

in danger 处于危险状态

in English 用英语

in fact 实际上

in favour of 支持,赞同

in fear of 在…恐惧中

in front of … 在…的前面

in fun 开玩笑似的

in future 今后

in good health 身体健康

in half 一半

in need of 需要

in order 按顺序,井然有序

in order that/to 为了

in other words 换句话说,也就是说

in place of 代替

in poor health 身体不好

in public 当众,公开地

in rags 穿着破衣服

in search of 寻找,追求

in sight 在视野内,看得见

in someone’s/something’s favour 对…有利

in space 在空间

in surprise 惊奇地

in the day 在白天

in the daytime 在白天

in the distance 在远处

in the distant future 在久远的将来

in the end 最后;终于

in the face of 面对…而不顾

in the front of … 在…的前部

in the future 在将来

in the hope of sth 希望…

in the near future 在不久的将来

in those days 在过去,在那些日子里

in time 及时,最终,迟早

instead of 代替;而不是

J

join in 参加

join the army 参军

join up 连接起来

join…to… 把…和…连接起来

jump off 跳下

jump onto 跳到…上

just a minute 等一会儿

just now 刚才;不久以前

just then 正在那时

K

keep (on) doing 继续;反复不断地做某事

keep …out of… 使…不进入…

keep a certain distance 保持一定距离

keep a record (of sth.) 作记录

keep back 扣留

keep fit 保持身体健康

keep in touch with 与……保持距离

keep off 让开;不接近

keep one’s balance 保持平衡

keep one’s promise 遵守诺言

keep one’s word 守约;守信

keep sb doing sth 让某人不停地做某事

keep silence/silent 保持安静

keep up with 跟上

keep up 保持;维持;继续

keep watch 守望,值班

keep…alive 存活

keep…away from… 使远离……

keep…from doing sth. 阻止做某事

keep…in mind 记住;想着

keep…out/ keep…out of… 不让……进入

key figure 关键人物

kick off 踢脱(鞋子等)

kick the habit of 改掉……的习惯

kiss sb. hello / goodbye 亲吻某人问好╱吻别

knock against 撞击

knock at / on(the door) 敲(门)

knock down 撞倒

knock into撞上

knock over 撞翻

knock…in/ knock…into… 把……敲进……

knock…off… 撞离

knock…out / knock…out of… 把……敲出来

know about / of 了解有关情况

L

lack of… 缺少

last (for) 持续

last time 上次

laugh at 嘲笑

lay eggs 下蛋;产卵

lay the table 摆设餐具

lead / live a … life 过着……的生活

lead to 通向;导致

learn about 获悉;了解

learn…by heart 记住;背诵

learn…from… 向……学习

leave a message for sb. 给某人留口信

leave out 漏掉

leave sth. to sb. (遗)留给某人……;托付……做某事

leave sth. with sb. 交给某人看管,照看

leave…doing / done / adj. / prep. 使……处于某种状态

let out 泄露;发出(叫喊声)

let…in / out… 让……进入/出去

lie in 在于

lie on one’s back / side / stomach 仰卧/侧卧/趴着

lie to / in / on 位于

light a fire 点火

listen to 听

little by little 渐渐地

live by doing 靠做……为生

live on 靠……为生;继续存活

live through 活过;经历过……未死

living conditions 居住条件

living room 起居室

long ago / before 很久以前

look after 照顾,照看

look around 四处看看,环顾

look at 看

look back upon / on 回顾

look down upon / on看不起……

look for 寻找

look forward to 盼望;期望

look into 向……里面看;调查

look on 看待,观看,旁观

look out 留神;当心

look out for 当心;找寻

look round / around 仔细查看

look through 仔细查看,浏览,看穿

look up 向上看,仰望,查询

look up to 尊重

lose a battle 战败

lose courage 失去勇气

lose face 丢脸

lose heart 失去信心;灰心

lose one’s heart to 爱上;倾心于……

lose one’s life 牺牲

lose one’s sight 失明

lose one’s voice 失音;嗓子哑

lose touch with 失去联系

lose weight 减肥;降重量

luckily for sb. 对某人来说幸运的是……

M

make a / one’s living by doing 已做……为生

make a copy of 复制

make a decision 做出决定

make a face / make faces 做鬼脸;做苦脸

make a film / films 拍摄电影

make a fire 生火

make a list of 列一张……的清单

make a long distance call 打长途电话

make a mistake 犯错误

make a noise 吵闹,发出响声

make a plan for 为……作计划

make a point 立论;阐明观点

make a promise 答应;允诺

make a record 录制唱片

make a search for 找寻

make a speech 作演讲

make a suggestion 提建议

make a telephone call to sb. 给某人打电话

make a trip 作旅行

make an advertisement for 为……做广告

make an announcement 宣布

make an answer 回答

make an attack on 攻击

make an explanation 作解释

make an offer of 愿给以……

make an offer to do 想做某事

make ends meet 量入为出;使收支相抵

make enemies with 树敌

make friends with… 与…交朋友

make fun of 取笑 (某人);开…的玩笑

make it a condition that… 以……为条件

make it possible to do ; make it possible that… 使可能做某事

make money out of 靠……挣钱

make no difference 毫无差别;没有影响

make noise 制造噪音

make oneself done 使自己被别人……

make progress 取得进步

make repairs 修理,修补

make room for 为……腾地方

make sense 讲得通;很有意义

make sentences with 用…造句

make sure of 确保;确定

make the best of 充分利用,善用

make up 编出;组成

make up one’s mind (to do sth.) 下定决心做……

make use of 利用

make……to one’s (own) measure 按照某人的尺寸做……

make…from / out of… 由……制作……

make…into… 将……制成

manage to do 成功地做……;设法做……

mark…with… 用……标记……

masses of 大多数;大部分

match…with… ……与……相搭配

mean doing 意味着;意思是

mean to do 意图做

measure…with a ruler 用尺子量

medical care 医疗护理

meet sb. at the station / the airport 到车站/飞机场接某人

men’s room 男厕所

millions of 数百万的

minority groups 少数民族

miss doing 错过做某事

miss one’s footing and fall 没站稳摔倒了

mix…with… 把……混合于……

more and more 越来越(多)

more or less 差不多;或多或少

mouth to mouth 口对口地

move in 迁入

move on 继续移动;朝前走

N

natural gas 天然气

neither here nor there 与所述无关的,不相干的

neither…nor… 既不……也不

never mind 没关系,别介意

newspaper reporter 新闻记者

next door 隔壁

next to 紧挨着; 接下来;次于

no more /longer 不再

no more than 不过;仅仅

no wonder 不足为奇,难怪

美词佳句

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专题英语

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