初中英语辅导网!

当前位置:首页 > 必备词组

高中英语常考的动词短语集锦!

发布时间:2020-03-07 10:31:00源自:互联网作者:lly阅读()

【导语】有很多的同学是非常的关心,高中英语有哪些常见的动词短语?英语短语和固定搭配有哪些?考试中常考的固定搭配有哪些?初中英语辅导网整理了相关内容,快来看看吧!希望能帮助到你~更多相关讯息请关注初中英语辅导网!

Point 1★☆☆add的常考短语

  add… to… 把……加到……

  add to 增加,增添

  add up (把……) 加起来

  add up to总和为;总共是

  If you add 5 to 6, you'll get 11.

  5加6等于11。

  His coming added to our trouble.

  他的到来增加了我们的麻烦。

  Please add up all the money I owe you.

  请把我欠你的钱加在一起。

  His whole school education added up to one year.

  他总共只受了一年的学校教育。

Point 2★★☆agree的常考短语

  agree with+ sb./sth.同意某人的看法;(两条信息)相符

  食物/天气+agree with sb. 食物/天气适合某人

  agree to sth.同意某个建议/计划/安排/办法等

  agree on sth.在某事上达成一致意见

  agree to do sth.同意做某事

  Your story agrees with what I have already heard.

  你说的这个事情和我听到的是一致的。

  You look well. The air and the sea foods in Sanya must agree with you, I suppose. 你看上去气色不错,我想三亚的空气和海鲜肯定适合你。

  I quite agree to your advice.

  我非常同意你的建议。

  We couldn't agree on the date for the party.

  对于聚会的日期我们无法达成一致意见。

  They agreed to come on Monday.

  他们同意星期一来。

Point 3★★★break的常考短语

  break away from挣脱,脱离;离开(团体、组织等)

  break down(健康、精神)垮掉;(机器等)出故障,坏掉;(计划、谈判等)失败;使分解

  break in闯入(行窃);打断,插嘴

  break into强行闯入;突然开始(笑、唱等)

  break through突围;突破;克服

  break out (战争、火灾、疾病等)爆发;(不愉快的事)突然发生

  break up(使)破碎;(关系)破裂,解散;(使)停止

  The prisoner broke away from his guards.

  那个犯人挣脱了看守。

  On my way to the station my car broke down.

  在去车站的路上,我的汽车坏了。

  The peace talks broke down.

  那次和平谈判失败了。

  His house was broken into last week.

  上星期有人闯入他家。

  The couple broke up last year. They had lived together for twenty years, though.这对夫妻去年离婚了,尽管他们在一起生活了20年。

Point 4★★☆bring的常考短语

  bring about引起;导致;造成

  bring back使回忆起;使某事物恢复

  bring down*,击败(政府或政客);使落下,使倒下;减少,降低

  bring forward将(……的日期或时间)提前;提出(法规、政策等)

  bring in引进;赚得

  bring out使显现;使表现出;出版

  bring up抚养,培育;呕吐;提出

  The government should take measures to bring down the prices of housing.

  政府应该采取措施降低房价。

  He brings in £30 a week.

  他一周挣30英镑。

  His new book will be brought out next month.

  他的新书将于下个月发行。

  All of our kids were brought up to respect other people.

  我们的孩子都被教育要尊重他人。

Point 5★★★call的常考短语

  call for需要;(公开)要求;去接(某人)

  call on呼吁,号召;短暂访问

  call at拜访某地;(短时间)停留

  call in召集,请来

  call up打电 话给;使想起

  call off取消

  The situation calls for immediate action.

  形势所迫,需要立即行动。

  I'll call for you at seven o'clock tomorrow.

  明天7点我去接你。

  Let's call on John/at John's.

  我们去拜访约翰吧/去约翰家吧。

  The football match has to be called off because of the bad weather.

  由于天气不好,足球赛被迫取消。

Point 6★★★come的常考短语

  come across偶遇,碰见;被理解

  come out出现;出版

  come about发生

  come on加油;得了吧

  come to苏醒;合计;被想出

  come up(问题)出现;走近;(日、月或星星等)出现

  come up with提出,想出

  She came across an old friend of hers yesterday while she was shopping at the department store. 昨天她在百货商店购物的时候遇到了一个老朋友。

  He spoke for a long time but his meaning didn't really come across.

  他讲了很久,但并没有人真正理解他的意思。

  Can you tell me how the accident came about?

  你能告诉我那次事故是怎么发生的吗?

  It suddenly came to her that she had been wrong all along.

  她突然意识到她一直都是错的。

  At last he came up with a good idea.

  他最终想出了一个好主意。

  【归纳总结】与come into有关的常用短语:

  come into sight/view出现;映入眼帘

  come into use开始使用

  come into effect生效

  come into being产生,形成

  come into power当权,执政

  come into action开始行动

  come into existence存在

Point 7★★☆end的常考短语

  end up 最终

  end up with… 以……而结束

  end in… 以……结尾;以……为结果

  We were going to go out,but ended up watching videos at home.

  我们原计划外出,但结果却是在家看录像。

  The party ended up with a song.

  聚会以一首歌结束。

  Their long struggle ended in failure.

  他们的长期努力以失败告终。

Point 8★★★get的常考短语

  get across (to sb.)传达;解释清楚

  get down to sth./doing sth. 开始(做)某事;开始认真注意(或对待)某事

  get on/along进展;(工作上)取得成功;相处

  get over解决;克服

  get away离开;脱身;逃脱;偏离

  get through熬过(困境);通过考试;接通(电 话)

  get into养成某种习惯;参与;开始(某事);使陷入

  get rid of摆脱;除掉

  The little boy isn't very good at getting his ideas across.

  这个小男孩不太善于表达自己的想法。

  We have just moved into a bigger house and there's a lot to do. Let's get down to it.

  我们刚刚搬进一座大些的房子,还有许多工作要做。让我们开始吧。

  He said he'd meet me for lunch if he could get away.

  他说如果他能走得开,就和我共进午餐。

  He's a person who's not easy to get along well with.

  他是一个不好相处的人。

  Believe in yourself. You will get over the difficulty.

  相信自己,你会克服困难的。

  I tried ringing you several times yesterday but I couldn't get through (to you).

  昨天我给你打了几次电 话,但都没打通。

Point 9★★★give的常考短语

  give away赠送;颁发;泄露,暴露

  give back归还,还给

  give in (to)屈服;让步

  give off发出,放出(气味、热、光、声音等)

  give out宣布;分发;发出,放出(热、光等);用完,耗尽

  give up放弃;投降

  Bill Gates gave away most of his fortune to the poor.

  比尔·盖茨把他的大部分财产都给了穷人。

  We have invited a famous actor to give away the prizes.

  我们邀请了一位演员来颁奖。

  He would rather die than give in to the enemy.

  他宁死也不向敌人屈服。

  These wild flowers give off a nice smell.

  这些野花散发出一股香味。

  After a month, their food supplies gave out.

  一个月以后,他们的食物补给消耗殆尽。

Point 10★★★go的常考短语

  go through穿过;通过;经历,遭受;仔细检查;用完

  go by (指时间)流逝;遵循(或依照)某事

  go in for参加(考试或比赛);对某事物有兴趣

  go over仔细检查;温习

  go without没有某事物而勉强应付

  go against违背go on继续;(时间等)流逝

  go off离开;(警报器等)发出巨响;(电灯)熄灭

  go ahead进行,发生;(with)开始做

  I went through my homework to make sure that nothing had been missed.

  我将作业检查了一遍,确保没有漏掉什么。

  As time went by, she became interested in what she was doing.

  随着时间的推移,她对所做的事情产生了兴趣。

  Don't go against your parents.

  不要违背你父母的意愿。

Point 11★☆☆hold的常考短语

  hold up支持住;承受住;延迟

  hold back阻挡;隐瞒;抑制

  hold on等着,停住;坚持住;(打电 话)别挂断

  hold on to保住,守住

  hold together (使)保持团结

  hold one's breath屏住呼吸

  hold out坚持;维持

  She's holding up well under the pressure.

  她承受住了压力。

  Traffic has been held up for two hours by the snowstorm.

  由于暴风雪,交通已被阻断了两个小时。

  He couldn't hold back his tears at the unexpected news.

  听到这个意想不到的消息,他无法抑制住眼泪。

  They managed to hold on until help arrived.

  他们设法坚持到救援到来。

Point 12★★★keep的常考短语

  keep away from 避免接近;远离

  keep back 使某人(与……)保持距离;抑制(感情等的流露);隐瞒

  keep sb.from doing sth.阻止某人做某事

  keep off使……不接近

  keep (on) doing sth.继续做某事

  keep out of… 使……不进入;使置身于……之外

  keep up 保持,维持

  keep up with跟上;与某人保持联系;熟悉,了解(消息、形势等)

  She kept on working although she was tired.

  她虽疲劳但仍继续工作。

  Let's hope the sunny weather keeps up for Saturday's tennis match.

  但愿星期六网球比赛时还是这样的好天气。

  Keep off the grass!

  勿踏草坪!

  Do keep out of the rain if you haven't a raincoat.

  如果你没带雨衣那就避一下雨吧。

  She likes to keep up with the latest fashions.

  她喜欢赶时髦。

Point 13★★★look的常考短语

  look after照顾,照料

  look out当心,小心; (for)当心(某物)

  look back回顾,回忆

  look down on/upon轻视,看不起

  look for寻找

  look forward to (doing sth.)盼望(做某事)

  look into调查;审查

  look on旁观;(as)将……看作

  look over查看;检查

  look through浏览;快速查看

  look up抬头看;好转,改善;(在词典、参考书中)查阅,查找

  When you are on a bus you should look out for pickpockets.

  你在坐公交车时,要当心扒手。

  We're so much looking forward to seeing you again.

  我们非常盼望再次见到你。

  She looked through her notes before the examination.

  考试前她匆匆看了一遍笔记。

  She looked up from the book as I entered the room.

  我进屋时,她(放下书)抬头看了看。

  I looked it up in the dictionary.

  我在词典里查过这个单词。

Point 14★★★make的常考短语

  make up 形成,构成;编造;组成;化妆;(for)弥补

  make out 辨认出;弄清楚;填写

  make it获得成功;及时赶到

  make fun of 取笑

  make for 向……移动;有利于

  make up one's mind(s) 某人下定决心

  make sense 有道理/意义;讲得通

  make (good/full) use of (充分)利用

  Animal bodies are made up of cells.

  动物的身体由细胞组成。

  Hard work can make up for a lack of intelligence.

  勤能补拙。

  I can't make out what she wants.

  我弄不清楚她想要什么。

  He has never made it as an actor.

  作为演员他从未取得成就。

Point 15★☆☆pull的常考短语

  pull through康复,痊愈;克服困难

  pull away离开;(车辆)开始驶离

  pull down拆掉,拆毁(建筑物)

  pull in/into 赚(大笔钱);(火车等)进站停靠

  pull out (of)(火车等)离站;退出

  pull over (使)车辆停靠在路边

  pull up减速停下;停止

  His injuries are severe but he's expected to pull through.

  他的伤势很重,但有望康复。

  Several houses were pulled down to make room for the new road.

  为了给新修道路让地方,几座房屋被拆了。

  They got to the station too late; the train was pulling out.

  他们晚了一步到达车站,火车正好驶离。

  He pulled up at the traffic lights.

  他在红绿灯处停了车。

Point 16★★★put的常考短语

  put off推迟;取消

  put aside把……放在一边;不理睬;储存

  put away将……放好

  put out扑灭;生产,制造

  put down放下;写下;镇压;平定

  put forward把时钟拨快;将……提前;提出

  put in投入;把……写进(信函、故事等);添上;插入

  put on上演;穿上

  put up张贴;建造;搭建;在某地投宿

  put up with忍受,忍耐

  They decided to put off the meeting until after Christmas.

  他们决定把会议推迟到圣诞节以后。

  One should always put a little money aside for a rainy day.

  一个人总应积攒点钱以备不时之需。

  He put forward a very good suggestion at the meeting.

  他在会上提出了一个很好的建议。

  The exam results will be put up on Friday afternoon.

  在周五下午,考试结果将被张贴出来。

  I can't put up with your bad behavior any longer.

  我再也受不了你无礼的行为了。

Point 17★★★run的常考短语

  run across偶然碰见(或看到)

  run away from sth.躲避;回避;逃跑,出逃

  run off with sth.偷走某物;携某物潜逃

  run into偶然遇见(某人);途中遭遇(恶劣天气);遇到(困难等)

  run out (of sth.)用完,耗尽

  run over (容器)溢出;快速地阅读(或练习)

  run through匆匆讨论;很快地重复;遍布

  run up against sth.遭遇(突如其来的问题)

  —OK, I've had enough of it. I give up.

  —You can't run away from your responsibilities.

  ——好了,我已经受够了,我放弃。

  ——你不能逃避你的责任。

  The treasurer had run off with the club's funds.

  财务主管卷走了俱乐部的资金。

  We ran into thick fog on the way home.

  在回家的路上,我们遇上了大雾。

  Time is running out for the trapped miners.

  被困矿工的时间不多了。

  The government is running up against considerable opposition to its tax reforms.

  政府的税务改革遇到了相当大的阻力。

Point 18★★★set的常考短语

  set off出发,动身;引发;使(炸弹等)爆炸

  set about (doing) sth.着手(做)某事

  set out动身踏上(尤指漫长的旅途);安排;摆放;陈述

  set up建起;设立;建立

  set down写下,记下

  set aside留出;拨出;暂不考虑,对……置之不理

  set an example to sb.=(set sb.an example)为某人树立榜样

  If you want to catch that train you'd better set off for the station immediately.

  要是想赶上那列火车,你们马上动身去火车站。

  I set about researching the habits of snakes so I could trap them in the easiest way.

  我着手研究蛇的习性,以便能用最简易的方法来捕蛇。

  The moment they arrived there, they began to set up the tent.

  他们一到那里就开始搭建帐篷。

  In much of the animal world, night is the time set aside for sleep—pure and simple.

  在大部分动物的世界里,夜晚的时间纯粹是用于睡眠的。

Point 19★★★stand的常考短语

  can't stand (doing) sth.无法忍受(做)某事

  stand out突出;显眼;出色

  stand up for支持;维护

  stand for代表;支持;主张

  stand by袖手旁观;支持;遵守

  stand up to拒绝接受(某人或组织的)不公平对待;抵抗

  I can't stand people interrupting me all the time.

  我不能容忍总是被人打断。

  Yao Ming stands out in the crowd because he is so tall.

  姚明在人群中很显眼,因为他个子很高。

  The letters PRC stand for the People's Republic of China.

  字母PRC代表中华人民共和国。

  How can you stand by when he is in trouble?

  他在困境之中,你怎么能袖手旁观呢?

Point 20★★★take的常考短语

  take off起飞;脱下,摘掉;休假;突然开始大受欢迎,开始走红

  take away拿走,带走

  take back收回;使回想起

  take down拿下,取下;写下,记下

  take over接任,接管;接手

  take up占据(时间、空间);开始从事;继续

  take after (在长相或性格方面)像

  take in理解;欺骗;收留

  take on呈现;承担;雇用

  take apart拆卸;拆开

  He took off my wet boots and made me sit by the fire.

  他脱掉我湿漉漉的靴子,让我在火炉旁坐下。

  I've decided to take a few days off next week.

  我已决定下星期休息几天。

  Our manager has left, so Peter will take over his job.

  我们的经理走了,因此彼得将接任他的工作。

  The table takes up too much room.

  这张桌子占据太多的空间。

  She took me in completely with her story.

  她用谎话把我完全蒙蔽了。

  Some insects take on the color of their surroundings to protect themselves.

  有些昆虫呈现出它们周围环境的颜色来保护自己。

Point 21★★★turn的常考短语

  turn up出现,来到;开大(音量等)

  turn down调低(音量);拒绝

  turn to求助于

  turn over翻转;仔细考虑;移交

  turn in上交;交还

  turn out结果是;生产,制造;出席(某项活动);关掉(灯或电源)

  turn around转过身来;好转,有起色

  turn back掉转头,折回

  turn away不准某人进入某处

  turn off关掉;使(某人)失去兴趣

  We arranged to meet at the cinema at 7:30, but he failed to turn up.

  我们约定7点30分在电影院见面,但他没来。

  I can't hear the radio very well; could you turn it up a bit?

  我听不太清楚,你能把收音机的声音开大点儿吗?

  She turned down the job offer because she wanted more money.

  她拒绝了那份工作,因为她想要更高的工资。

  There was no single person whom she could turn to in the dark street.

  在漆黑的大街上没有一个她能够求助的人。

  Thousands of people turned out to watch yesterday's match against Ireland.

  成千上万的人在场观看了昨天对阵爱尔兰的比赛。

  Hundreds of people had to be turned away from the stadium.

  数百人被拒绝进入体育场。

美词佳句

    栏目ID=11的表不存在(操作类型=0)

专题英语

© 2013-2018 - 英语控 版权所有 鄂ICP备18010809号-1收藏本站 - 网站地图 - 关于本站 - 网站公告 - 英语控站点合作申请