Frederic Francois Chopin
Frederic Francois Chopin, Polish-born composer and renowned pianist, was the creator of 55 mazurkas, 13 polonaises, 24 preludes, 27 etudes, 19 nocturnes, 4 ballads, and 4 scherzos.
肖邦是近代浪漫派的抒情音乐家，他在音乐史中，是一位神秘、爱国而最富于诗意生命的钢琴家。他一生创作了 55 部马祖卡舞曲，13 部波罗涅滋，24 首序曲，27 首练习曲，19 首夜曲，4 首叙事曲以及 4 部诙谐曲。
Frederic Chopin was born in Zelazowa Wola, Poland, on February 22, 1810, to a French father and Polish mother.
1810 年 2 月 12 日，肖邦出生于波兰华沙郊区的热拉佐瓦沃拉。
His father, Nicholas Chopin, was a French tutor to many aristocratic Polish families, later accepting a position as a French teacher at the Warsaw Lyceum.
Although Chopin later attended the Lyceum where his father taught, his early training began at home.
This included receiving piano lessons from his mother. By the age of six, Chopin was creating original pieces, showing innate prodigious musical ability.
His parents arranged for the young Chopin to take piano instruction from Wojciech Zywny.
When Chopin was sixteen, he attended the Warsaw Conservatory of Music, directed by composer Joseph Elsner.
中学毕业后，肖邦进入华沙音乐学院学习，从师德国音乐家 J.A.F 埃尔斯纳。
Elsner, like Zywny, insisted on the traditional training associated with Classical music but allowed his students to investigate the more original imaginations of the Romantic style as well.
As often happened with the young musicians of both the Classical and Romantic Periods, Chopin was sent to Vienna, the unquestioned center of music for that day.
He gave piano concerts and then arranged to have his pieces published by a Viennese publishing house there.
While Chopin was in Austria, Poland and Russia faced off in the apparent beginnings of war.
He returned to Warsaw to get his things in preparation of a more permanent move.
While there, his friends gave him a silver goblet filled with Polish soil. He kept it always, as he was never able to return to his beloved Poland.
French by heritage, and desirous of finding musical acceptance from a less traditional audience than that of Vienna, Chopin ventured to Paris.
Interestingly, other young musicians had assembled in the city of fashion with the very same hope.
Chopin joined Franz Liszt, Hector Berlioz, Felix Mendelssohn, Vincenzo Bellini, and Auguste Franchomme, all proponents of the "new" Romantic style. Although Chopin did play in the large concert halls on occasion, he felt most at home in private settings, enjoying the social milieu that accompanied concerts for the wealthy.
He also enjoyed teaching, as this caused him less stress than performing.
Chopin did not feel that his delicate technique and intricate melodies were as suited to the grandiose hall as they were to smaller environments and audiences.
News of the war in Poland inspired Chopin to write many sad musical pieces expressing his grief for "his" Poland.
Among these was the famous "Revolutionary Etude." Plagued by poor health as well as his homesickness, Chopin found solace in summer visits to the country.
Here, his most complex yet harmonic creations found their way to the brilliant composer's hand. The "Fantasia in F Minor," the "Barcarolle," the "Polonaise Fantasia," "Ballade in A Flat Major," "Ballade in F Minor," and "Sonata in B Minor" were all products of the relaxed time Chopin enjoyed in the country.
期间写过不少成名的珍品。《F 小调幻想曲》，《威尼斯船歌》，《幻想波罗涅滋舞曲》，《降 A 大调叙事曲》，《F 小调叙事曲》，《B 小调奏鸣曲》等都是在南部疗养时创作的。
As the war continued in Warsaw and then reached Paris, Chopin retired to Scotland with friends.
Although he was far beyond the reach of the revolution, his melancholy attitude did not improve and he sank deeper into a depression.
Likewise, his health did not rejuvenate either. A window in the fighting made it possible for Chopin to return to Paris as his health deteriorated further.
Surrounded by those that he loved, Frederic Francois Chopin died at the age of 39. He was buried in Paris. Chopin's last request was that the Polish soil in the silver goblet be sprinkled over his grave.
最终在友人们的陪伴下逝世于巴黎的寓所中，结束了短短 39 年的生命。他的遗体被安葬在巴黎。 肖邦最后的遗愿是将银杯中祖国波兰的泥土撒在他的墓碑上。