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英语语法:学习倒装句的方法提炼

发布时间:2019-10-25 10:39:15源自:互联网作者:admin阅读()

  【导语】掌握倒装句的关键在于记住哪些部分需要提前,分清倒装类别。熟记倒装特征与类型。做题方法:一看强调部分,二看主语单复数,三看谓语时态、语态来定助动词。下面是初中英语辅导网整理发布的学习倒装句的方法提炼,欢迎阅读参考!更多相关讯息请关注初中英语辅导网!





第一类:总结全部倒装的条件

 
1.句首:表示方位,方向地点或时间的副词或副词短语置于句首且主语是名词的全部倒装


如:Here comes a bus . Here it comes(主语是代词的不倒装).

  
Here,there,then,up,down,away,off,in the room,on the wall 等置于句首。

 
2.谓语:表示静态存在或动态趋势的动词如:位于(lie)冲(rush)来(come)走(go)跑(run)升(rise)站立(stand)住(live)坐(sit)挂(hang)

  
总结公式There (on the wall,in the south of …)+谓语+主语

第二类:总结部分倒装(半倒装)的条件。

 
1.具有否定/半否定意义的副词或介词短语放在句首。


  
Never , nor ,not ,hardly(几乎不),little ,seldom ,scarcely(几乎不),rarely(少有地),at no time(任何时候决不)in/under no circumstances ,in no case(任何情况下决不)by no means(任何方式决不)on no condition(任何条件决不)等放句首时。

  
以及句式:No sooner had sb done sth than sb did sth.(一……就……)

  
Hardly/scarcely had sb done when sb did sth. (一……就……)

 
2.so或neither或nor表示“也/也不”


  
句式So/Neither/Nor+一般疑问句

  
如—You are a student

  
—So am I.

  
—You aren’t a teacher.

  
—Neither/Nor is he.

 
3. so/such… that…表示如此… 以至于…


  
句式:so/such…+一般疑问句+that…

  
如:He is such a good student that all his classmates admire him

  
——Such a good student is he that all his classmates admire him

  
The weather is so fine that all of us want to go outing

  
——So fine is the weather that all of us want to go outing

 
4.以had/were/should开头省略if的虚拟条件句


  
句式had/should +主+谓

  
Were+主+其他

  
如If I were you(were I you),I should study hand

  
If he had studied hard (Had he studied hard), he could have made great progress last term

  
If it should rain (should it rain), I would stay at home

 
5.only+状语(介词短语.副词和状语从句)放句首,主句需要部分倒装

  
句式:only+状语+一般疑问句

  
注意:only修饰主语句子不倒装

  
Only after the war did he learn the sad news

  
Only when he returned did we find out the truth

  
Only he can answer the question


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