初中英语辅导网!

当前位置:首页 > 英语语法

英语语法:名词性从句学习中的易错点总结

发布时间:2019-09-06 10:32:01源自:互联网作者:admin阅读()

【导语】由一个主句和一个或一个以上的从句构成的句子叫复合句。在复合句中主句是全句的主体,从句是全句的一个成分,不能独立。从句通常是用关联词来引导的。在这里关联词还起联系从句和主句的作用。下面是初中英语辅导网整理发布的名词性从句学习中的易错点总结,欢迎阅读参考!更多相关讯息请关注初中英语辅导网!





一、从句的种类:



主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句、同位语从句,定语从句和状语从句



二、名词性从句的连接词




1. 单纯连词



在从句中不补充当任何成分,只起到连接从句的功能。



that 没有实际意义,而whether/ if 在句子中表示“是否” 的意义。



Eg : That the prices of rice will go up is certain. (that引导主语从句,补充当任何成分)



He asked if I could come to see him this weekend.



形式主语it 代替主语从句位于句首时,常见的几种情况:



①It + adj +that 从句(大多数情况下that从句后用should+动词原形)



Adj: necessary right clear unlikely strange obvious natural important



Eg: It is necessary to learn English well.



②It +系动词+名词+that 从句



Non: a pity an honor good news a wonder a fact no wonder no surpeise



Eg: It is a fact that you are a good boy.



③ It +be + 过去分词+that从句



过去分词:said / heard/ reported/ told/ decided/suggested/thought/considered/ hoped/ announced



Eg: It is announced that the plan has been canceled.



注意:



It + be+ suggested/ advised/ ordered/ requested/ insisted/ demand+ that从句, that从句要用should +动词原形,should可以省略。



Eg: It is suggested that you (should ) spend more time in studying English .



当suggest表示“表明”时,不可以用虚拟语气



Eg: It suggests that you are an honest boy.



Insist 表示“坚持某种说法(事情已经发生过了)”,不用虚拟语气。



表示“坚持要做(事情没有发生)”,要用虚拟语气。



Eg: she insisted that I have never done such thing .



She insisted that I study abroad.



④It +动词(+宾语或状语)+that 从句



动词如: appear(显得)/ happen(碰巧)/ matter(重要)/ occur(出现)/ turn out(结果是)



Eg: It happened to me that I was away when he came.主语从句不可位于句首的五种情况:



注意:



(1)if 引导的主语从句不可居于复合句句首。



(2)It is said /reported?结构中的主语从句不可提前。



正确表达:It is said that President Jiang will visit our school next week.



错误表达:That President Jiang will visit our school next week is said.



(3)It happens/occurs?结构中的主语从句不可提前。



正确表达:It occurred to him that he failed in the examination.



错误表达:That he failed in the examination occurred to him.



(4)It doesn’t matter how/whether ?结构中的主语从句不可提前。



正确表达:It doesn’t matter whether he is wrong or not.



错误表达:Whether he is wrong or not doesn’t matter.



(5)含主语从句的复合句是疑问句时,主语从句不可提前。



正确表达:Is it likely that it will rain in the evening?



错误表达:Is that will rain in the evening likely?

美词佳句

    栏目ID=11的表不存在(操作类型=0)

专题英语

© 2013-2018 - 英语控 版权所有 鄂ICP备18010809号-1收藏本站 - 网站地图 - 关于本站 - 网站公告 - 英语控站点合作申请